The Great Ways For Ultra-Thin Layer Compositions Analysis

The main purpose of using the Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) method in surface analysis is to provide elemental, chemical, and molecular information from the surface of solid materials. ToF-SIMS can be used for very thin solid objects; depth up to 1nm.

Information on spatial distribution is obtained by scanning micro focused ion files on the sample surface. Information on depth distribution was obtained by combining ToF-SIMS measurements with ion milling to characterize thin film structures. In addition, the ToF-SIMS instrument is able to provide unique 3D analysis that combines focused ion beam cross sections with high mass resolution and high spatial resolution imaging to create 3D chemical characterization.

Information provided by tof-sims about surface conditions is very important for many industrial and research applications such as the medical industry, semiconductor devices and packaging, polymer surface modification, catalysis, corrosion, adhesion, magnetic media, etc.

It cannot be denied that there are many high-tech analytical tools that are able to facilitate human performance in various industries. Well, our job as consumers is just to try to find the best service in supporting the performance of our company so that we are able to achieve product quality according to established standards.

In simple terms, the performance of the ToF-SIMS tool can be explained; ToF-SIMS is done by drawing the surface of the sample with a finely focused ion beam which causes secondary ions and ion clusters to be emitted from the surface of the sample. From the exact mass and peak intensity of SIMS, the identity of a molecular element or fragment can be determined. The ToF-SIMS tool is used to measure the mass of ions and groups emitted.

ToF-SIMS is a surface analysis technique with a typical depth, which is less than 2 nm. For this reason this technique is more suitable for the analysis of ultra-thin layer compositions. In addition, ToF-SIMS can be used to characterize molecular information from organic matter and tissue parts for medical research that is not possible with SEM / EDS. Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) is a technique used in Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM); Electron microscopes are preferred for medical analysis rather than light microscopes, because electrons can reach a resolution of 0.1 – 0.2 nm. However, SEM has several disadvantages; they are requiring vacuum conditions, only analyzing the surface, the sample must be conductive material, if it is not a conductor it needs to be coated with metal such as gold, and it has a lower resolution than ToF-SIMS.


Understanding Organic Traffic and Two Accurate Strategies to Improve it

Talking about online business, topics that you often hear might be cheap SEO services, keywords, Buy Organic Traffic, Buy Targeted Organic Website Traffic, etc. All of this leads to organic traffic. Many people say getting organic traffic is easy. But in reality it’s difficult. So that there are many website owners prefer to Buy Organic Traffic to get organic traffic quickly.

In addition to organic traffic, non-organic traffic is also used by bloggers and website owners. However, this traffic does not provide long-term benefits. Organic traffic is difficult to do but this traffic is an important part of a digital marketing strategy. Organic visitors come to your blog because they are looking for what they need. They will be willing to read your content.

Good traffic is organic. The term organic traffic is used to refer to your website visitors without the use of paid advertising. Website visitors can be said to be organic traffic when they visit your website after using search engines like Google, Yahoo or Bing, and are not referenced by other websites.

Visitors can find websites in various ways. If they already know your business and know your website address then they only needs to type the address on their electronic devices, or when they see your blog link on social media so they visit your website. But if someone doesn’t know your product or business then they will use a search engine, for example Google. Now, how to direct visitors to visit the site when they need something? Here are two important ways that need to be done.

SEO Techniques

The best way to get people to visit your website or blog is with SEO techniques. This technique has two core components namely keyword and keyword optimization. By learning and understanding these two core points; SEO techniques can help you increase organic traffic quickly. However, if you feel you need help starting to understand it, you can use SEO services.

SEO techniques are highly recommended because it can increase your traffic by around 2000%, it is great, right? But it’s not easy, so there are many website managers who are desperate before they get organic traffic. For this reason Targeted Organic Website Traffic services continue to appear. There are many website owners who are willing to Buy Targeted Organic Website Traffic. Well, their step is not wrong because they have to do anything to benefit from the website.

Website owners do not need to understand SEO technically. The Targeted Organic Website Traffic service will bring traffic to your site every month according to your wishes. They guarantee targeted organic visitors according to keywords with a low bounce rate and extended visit duration. What will happen to your site after buying the service? Your site will be more famous and visible, etc.

Create Highest Quality Content.

Search engines like Google use factors such as quality, relevance and the latest date for content to be located and loaded on a site to compare other sites with similar search links. But what must be considered when creating content is quality; your website is a representation of your business so make sure quality is your priority.

Consistency is also a factor that needs to be considered before publishing a content on the website. Try to have a post schedule like once a week. This is not only favored by Google but also your site visitors. A site that has a regular posting schedule shows that the site is serious about providing quality content. Consistent updates keep visitors coming back and sharing what they read with others and this will increase organic traffic.

Organic Traffic And Non-Organic Traffic – Which Is The Best For A Website?

One important thing that is often considered by a blogger is traffic. There are various things that must be done and considered to get a lot of targeted traffic. Traffic has two categories that are familiar among their bloggers, namely organic and non-organic traffic.

Maybe you are familiar with the terms organic and non-organic. But most likely you find this article in the trash; you can find organic waste and non-organic waste. It turns out that the two terms can be found in the digital world, especially for your website. Websites need traffic to improve visibility and ranking on Google pages. Traffic is also able to attract advertisers, so they are willing to pay you a lot.

For website managers that implement SEO, they will definitely target the traffic on their blogs based on organic categories. Traffic can be directed with your SEO capabilities, and quality traffic can also be directed from social media users. It’s a shame if social media is not used to attract visitors to our blog.

Well, this article is for those of you who are just building a blog. Or for those of you who are beginner website managers. Traffic is very necessary for your website; traffic on blogs can be a great source of income every month. Therefore, pay attention to some of my explanations about organic traffic and non-organic traffic.

Organic Traffic

Organic traffic or often called Targeted Organic Website Traffic is the traffic that we get directly from search engines. Not only can we get organic traffic from search engines, but we can also get it from Google images.

Organic traffic is traffic that is very necessary in the development of blogs in the long run. Organic traffic is targeted traffic so it must be done correctly without going against search engine rules. If you are an SEO expert then you can certainly do it yourself, but for beginner website managers maybe this is a very complicated thing. You have to deal with Google’s algorithm. Therefore new website developers should Buy Targeted Organic Website Traffic to get quality organic traffic.

Organic traffic is higher quality traffic because it is currently looking for the information they need in search engines. When the traffic visits our blog, the traffic will actually read and see the content on the blog. They will be willing to spend more time getting the information they need. Directing visitors who really need something on our Blog is very difficult; getting it takes a long time and patience. Well, if you do not have enough patience in struggling to get organic traffic then it is advisable to Buy Organic Traffic. But you need to consider a few things before buying the service; make sure your site does not contain pornography, gambling, automated software, automatic video players, terrorism, etc.

Non-Organic Traffic

Non-organic traffic can be obtained faster than organic traffic. However, non-organic traffic is less qualified traffic and this type of traffic is less effective in the long run. Non-organic traffic is not obtained from search engines but from social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google+, etc. This traffic is divided into two parts; they are Referral Traffic and Direct Traffic.

Referral traffic is obtained from forums, blogs or fake search engines. This traffic appears when you place a backlink on a blog or forum. This traffic can appear from Facebook too. Meanwhile, direct traffic appears by typing the website address directly in the browser. Direct traffic is caused by visitors who have memorized the blog address. Therefore, if you are interested in this traffic, it is recommended to determine an interesting blog title.

Buy Organic Traffic Changing Effort to Bring Quality Traffic

Website traffic is an important indicator of business growth today. This can help you to see how well your marketing is working. But achieving this benefit requires an effort to drive traffic to the website in the right way, and focus on driving quality traffic. In this post, we will discuss ways to drive traffic to your website. Actually there are two ways; you can get it for free or Buy Organic Traffic.

Organic Traffic is Traffic that is obtained directly from Search Engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Bing. Organic Traffic can also be obtained from Google Images, if you are correct in giving names and correct in optimizing images then traffic will come to your site naturally. Of course all website owners are happy if there are many internet users visiting their site, besides providing benefits for others this will also increase our income, right?

Why do we really need organic traffic? Organic Traffic is targeted traffic. This traffic is obtained directly from the search engine. This traffic is of higher quality because they come from visitors who are looking for the information they need in search engines. When they visit our site, they actually read and see the content on the blog. Organic traffic spends more time getting the information they need and of course they will not increase bounce rates.

How do you know the traffic we get is organic? By using Google Analytics, we can clearly see the statistics from our Blog. Google Analytics is the best choice to find out where we get traffic. From Google Analytics we can find out whether the traffic we get is organic or not.

Organic traffic can be obtained for premiums or free. If you think about getting it for free, you should to think again because it’s not as easy as you think. Not all tools that generate free traffic are high quality. You need effort; some need time, and some need money. Some of the efforts you need to make to drive traffic to your website include online directory listings, On Page SEO, Off Page SEO, Email, social media, online advertising, blogging, building backlinks, etc. It all requires expertise, and everyone can’t do it well. Well, for that reason, Buy Targeted Organic Website Traffic is highly recommended. The service will bring traffic to your site from several sources such as Google, Bing, and Yahoo.

If you Buy Targeted Organic Website Traffic then you don’t need to think about SEO, you just enjoy the results and do traffic checking, review keywords, and identify new ranking opportunities every month. Targeted Organic Website Traffic services are directly linked to your SEO efforts and increase organic traffic.

Making Building with an Industrial Construction Contractor

Business buildings must be designed as well as possible to improve the image and comfort in doing work. Unique business facilities will attract many clients and consumers. Many professional companies hire Industrial Construction contractor to make their ideas come alive. The concept of industrial buildings and work spaces must create character and be different from other buildings.

Finding an industrial construction contractor that has a great reputation and offers flexibility in every aspect of work, including planning, design and construction is not difficult at this time. All professional contractors offer their services through websites, so clients can easily see and find the most suitable service anytime, anywhere. One of the best industrial construction contractor sites is You can surf the page and find the right service according to your industry’s needs. Your industrial building will be handled by professional architects and an experienced execution team; they will help you wholeheartedly to realize the best building for your business on time.

Some of the qualifications that must be fulfilled by industrial construction contractors before you officially hire them are their ability to complete projects according to schedule, budget, feasibility, alternative locations, zoning, etc. Make sure the contractor is able to meet your qualifications.

Design is the next step in the process. If you have a sketch of an industrial building, the construction contractor will make it happen. They can also provide input to perfect the industrial building that you expect. Superior and unique industrial buildings are always done by trusted contractors; they maintain service quality in all aspects such as building design, materials, efficiency and reasonable prices. In the design process, the contractor must work with you to create industrial buildings that maximize productivity, minimize operating costs, and help you meet company goals.

The main goal of every Industrial Construction contractor is to provide the building you want. Industrial buildings that are successfully built must produce buildings that are durable, safe, comfortable, within budget, finished on schedule, energy efficient, cost effective and functional. The existence of a well-designed industrial building is expected to provide benefits to companies and others. The best industrial buildings that go through a rigorous construction process will be more durable so that the production process continues to run smoothly.

Professional industrial building contractors like Syscomax provide construction services at a faster rate and adjustable costs. They provide architecture, engineering and execution teams that constantly combine skills to meet deadlines and budgets, while maintaining strict customer follow-up throughout the project. This service is certainly the best choice amidst the many services that claim to be the best and trusted.

Manufacturing Industry

What happens to US manufacturing is four: globalization, comparative advantage, automation, and policy neglect at the national government level – all of which are very natural in the American capitalist system. The first three are unavoidable, but the last, policy, can be overcome. More about ignoring policies later in the essay. Let’s look at the inevitable after a little statistical background.

Since World War II, manufacturing has grown steadily. There have been some down years, but the slope of the line over the years has been upward. While ubiquitous — with factories emitting smoke into the atmosphere and employees queued up for the shift change — at its peak, manufacturing employment never exceeded 32% of the total non-farm labor U.S. labor force and was never more than 27% of GDP.

Between 1950 and 1970, manufacturing GDP grew at 3%; between 1970 and 1990, it grew at 4%. Since 1990, manufacturing GDP has grown at less than 2%. While growth between World War II and 1990 was good, and since then has been slow, there was always growth.

Employment is a different story. In the years since the war, manufacturing employment grew 18% until 1990 then declined by 33%! So as output grew, employment gradually declined, suggesting that productivity, abetted by automation, has grown. We are, in fact, a much more productive manufacturing nation. Increased productivity is good news. All we need now is to put that productivity to use making things. And therein lies the problem – we need to make and sell more goods. With all the positive productivity gains, the use of our bounty languishes in its sight. Manufacturing capacity utilization stands at 75%, its lowest in more than 20 years. Most economists think that capacity utilization has to be in excess of 80% for the industry to be healthy and investing. Manufacturing output isn’t declining, it’s just anemic.

Now let’s look at the unavoidable international phenomena and their effect on our ability to sell more. If India and China weren’t growing their manufacturing base, the United States would be producing more goods. We can’t stop globalization nor its close relative, comparative advantage, which is the labor cost differential enjoyed by developing countries. In a world that is experiencing rising expectations for the economic well-being of its citizens, industrialization is a rational policy for developing nations. We can see this industrialization/globalization as a threat or as an opportunity — and embrace it intelligently.

Comparative advantage will eventually take care of itself. Over time, wages in industrializing countries grow (just as they did in Japan), and the advantage disappears, often going to another less developed country until it, too, experiences wage growth. So it goes.

To try to compete with low labor cost countries amounts to a “race to the bottom.” The net effect of comparative advantage is that we are unlikely to see high labor content products, sneakers for example, manufactured in the United States any time soon. These two international factors won’t cease because we wish them to. We can, however, take advantage of them through policy.

In the United States, automation, which cannot be avoided, reduces aggregate demand among our citizens by requiring fewer workers and paying wages. Dramatic productivity growth since the 1970s, caused by a more educated automation and workforce, has not been accompanied by growth in comparable wages in manufacturing (or in other industries in this regard). Manufacturing wages grew in the postwar years until 1980 and then began to rise. There are various reasons for this wage growth and for the next leveling, including the influence of unions on the upside and their decline in the recent leveling period. Changing the pattern of wages is a complicated topic not within the scope of this essay. However, manufacturing and production work (and the consequent purchasing power that it provides) can be affected by an increase in output quantity. In terms of manufacturing operations, we need to manage demand so that the factory runs three shifts.


Industrialization and Economic

Industrialization is a pre-requisite for economic development as the history of advanced countries shows. For development, the share of the industrial sector should rise and that of the agricultural sector decline. This is only possible through a policy of deliberate industrialization. As a result, the benefits of industrialization will “trickle down” to the other sectors of the economy in the form of the development of agricultural and service sectors leading to the rise in employment, output and income.

In overpopulated LDCs there is overcrowding on the land, holdings are subdivided and fragmented, and farmers practice traditional agriculture. For rapid development, LDC’s cannot afford to wait for changes in farm practices to take place. Therefore. LDCs must begin with industrial development to supply fertilizers, farm machinery and other inputs so as to increase efficiency on the farm. Again, industrialization is necessary in order to provide employment to the underemployed and unemployed in the agricultural sector. In overpopulated LDCs, large number of people are underemployed or disguised unemployed whose marginal product is zero or negligible. They can be transferred from agriculture to industry with little or no loss in agricultural output. Since the marginal product of labor is higher in industry than in agriculture, transferring such workers to the industrial sector will raise aggregate output. Thus overpopulated LDCs have no choice but to industrialize.

Industrialization is also essential in LDCs because it brings increasing returns and economies of scale while agriculture does not. “These economies reside in training, stimulating communication, interaction within industry (inter-sectoral linkages), demonstration effects in production and consumption, and so on. Rural society tends to be stagnant, urban society dynamic. Since industrialization brings urbanization, it is superior to the stimulation of agriculture.”

Further the LDCs need industrialization to free themselves from the adverse effects of fluctuations in the prices of primary products and deterioration in their terms of trade. Such countries mainly export primary products and import manufactured goods. The prices of primary products have been falling or remaining stable due to protectionist policies of advanced countries, while the prices of manufactures have been rising. This has led to deterioration in the terms of trade of the LDCs. For economic development, such countries must shake off their dependence on primary product. They should adopt import substituting and export-oriented industrialization.

The case for industrialization in the LDCs also rests on the psychological boost which such a polio provides in their citizens in marching towards modernization. Industrialization is viewed as a mater of pride by every LDC, for it implies using the new technology, new and diverse skills, larger enterprises and more large cities. Moreover incomes rise rapidly in the industrial sector which are saved and invested for creating more demand for goods and services. Since industrialization is followed by urbanization, employment opportunities and incomes increase.

People enjoy the fruits of modernization in the form of a variety of goods and services available in urban centers due to industrialization. These also affect the rural sector through the demonstration effect. Thus industrialization tends to raise the living standards and promotes social welfare.

Industrial Property

Industrial property is the entry point for many property investors to the commercial property industry. As a property type, industrial property is relatively straightforward with little complexity. The property owner just needs to target and strategise the following issues when looking for a property to buy:

  • Stable tenants
  • Achievable rentals
  • Good property location
  • Industrial property precinct
  • Growth of the local community and business sector
  • Vibrant industrial community supplying services, products, and raw materials
  • Access to transport links, ports, airports, and railheads

What do Industrial Tenants Need?

Traditional warehouses will include quality height, size, loading and unloading facilities, quality office space to support industrial operations, ample car parking for staff and customers, hardstand areas for operational flexibility, and high levels of security to protect the tenant’s goods and their operation.

Industrial tenants today are far more sophisticated and demanding when it comes to selecting a property to lease or buy. The investor should therefore select a property that has all the elements of property usage that tenants expect in the local market. Tenants know that the property will impact operational costs and eventually the bottom line of their business. Tenants will choose their property well as a consequence.

Taking the First Step to Investment in Industrial Property

Industrial warehouses are simple to construct and have a long economic life hence the investor sees it as an entry-level investment vehicle and popular. Providing they select a sound and strong tenant, and apply a good lease, the stable future of the property for investors is normally achievable.

There is very little management required on industrial property, and as direct result many private investors will manage industrial property themselves. Unfortunately this does have negative connotations, in that the first time investor sometimes has little awareness of the specialist terms and operational conditions that is supported by lease documentation on their property.

These first time investors can then overlook critical matters and make mistakes. To the experienced commercial property specialist and commercial real estate agent, it is easy to see these ‘first time’ landlord managed properties as you drive through a town or city. The errors of ownership are visually obvious. These errors can even reflect in the ultimate levels of rent and price on the property.

Invariably and importantly this self management problem will surface at final sale or rent review time when the investor has overlooked something or transacted it incorrectly. The buyers of property today will conduct a due diligence period and investigation of any property prior to settlement.

Those property owners that manage their own investments should only do so only when and if they completely understand the complexity of the task at hand. If the investors have only a basic understanding of property performance and function, then they should not self manage the property. The matter is plain and simple.

Critical property knowledge will involve key functional elements such as:

  • Types of rental
  • The lease clauses and provisions
  • Property maintenance strategies
  • Property operational costs
  • Contractor management
  • Vacancy resolution and strategy
  • Incentive use and strategy
  • Tenant negotiation skills

A good property solicitor is invaluable when it comes to Investment Property. The same should be said for a property experienced accountant. Even the most basic industrial property needs carefully prepared lease documentation and financial guidance. It is interesting to note that many first time property investors will sometimes choose cheaper lease documentation that is ‘generic’ and available off the shelf. Cheap is not a good option when it comes to documentation in investment property. You get what you pay for and so why would you take this risk?

Given that you are endeavouring to protect and stabilize cash flow, a few dollars saved on lease documentation preparation at the start of any occupancy can eventually lead to property instability or downfall, loss of tenant, higher property operational costs, and uncertainty when it comes to exercising the critical terms and conditions of the document of lease.


Food Manufacturing – Advantages Vs Disadvantages

Food manufacturing process is a series of methods used to convert ingredients into food or maybe change the shape of the food itself. Examples of these techniques can include: Drying, Salting, Canning, Confirming, Preservation, Cooking, Freezing, etc. The way slaughtered animal products or crops are harvested is used to produce marketable food products is an example of food making, as is the way to prepare food, which must then be reheated before meals, produced.

Advantages and Disadvantages

There are both advantages and disadvantages with food manufacturing. Some of the most obvious advantages include: Improved taste of the food, extended seasonal availability, and extended shelf-life.

For example, fruit and vegetables can only be picked when they are ripe, but if they are canned or frozen they keep longer. The longer shelf lives reduce food waste and perishable foods are now able to be transported to wider areas.

Manufacturing the food also makes them safer, reducing incidences of illness caused by eating the food – for example, many farm-based products can contain potentially deadly microorganisms but the manufacturing process will eliminate these. Processed food can also cater to the needs of individuals who suffer from certain allergies.

One of the biggest disadvantages with food manufacturing is that there will be a large effect on the nutritional density of the food product as it has been proved that, although it varies from product to product, up to a fifth of the nutrients may be lost.

An example of how a nutrient may be lost is heat destroying the content of Vitamin C in canned fruit. The manufacturing process adds unhealthy ingredients to improve taste and a high consumption rate of these products can cause an individual’s taste buds to dull as for example they become used to the taste of refined sugar. The high calorie content of the manufactured food, especially given the lack of nutrients, can lead to obesity.

If the food manufacturing industry ceased to exist, there would be benefits with an absence of junk food, a reduction in obesity levels leading to a healthier population with less associated illness such as diabetes and heart disease and there would also be a reduction in pollution levels from fertilizers and pesticides.

But there will be a reduction in food supply, a potential increase in infectious diseases, supermarkets as we know it will no longer exist and the result is a monotonous and potentially hungry diet. As we have seen there are very two sides of the story of food manufacturing and it’s all about getting the right balance.